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Canadian Immigration and Work Permit Options for Caregivers

Caregivers play an important role in Canada's economy and society. Due to its aging population and low birth rate, Canada provides numerous immigration and work permit pathways to caregivers. This CanadaVisa page provides an overview of these pathways.

Canada has a long history of welcoming caregivers to support its economy and society. One of the reasons why Canada has a leading immigration system is it is always looking to modernize its immigration policies and programs. In this spirit, Canada has reformed its caregiver pathways for permanent residence in recent years.

Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot

Both the Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot offer permanent residence to caregivers who meet the following criteria:

Qualifying work experience

Caregivers with work experience in NOC 4411 are eligible for permanent residence through the Home Child Care Provider Pilot:

Caregivers with work experience in NOC 4412 arebe eligible for permanent residence through the Home Support Worker Pilot:

Language levels

You must obtain a CLB 5 in all four language skills: writing, reading, listening, and speaking.


You must have completed a post-secondary educational credential of at least 1 year.


Work Permit Pathways for Caregivers

You may be eligible to obtain a work permit if you are applying to one of the pilots and/or you are currently residing in Canada. The work permit rules are as follows:

Open Work Permits for applicants to the Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot

IRCC classifies applicants under these pilots into two categories. The categories depend on whether the applicant has obtained 24 months of eligible Canadian work experience under NOC 4411 or NOC 4412.

Your spouses and dependents are eligible to join you in Canada and obtain open work permits themselves.

In-Home Caregivers Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) Stream

Families can hire foreign caregivers to assist children, seniors, or persons with certified medical needs, when there are no Canadians and permanent residents available to do the job. The caregiver must provide care on a full-time basis (at least 30 hours per week) and work in the private household where the care is being provided.

The caregiver can assist with children under 18 years of age in roles such as NOC 4411. They can also assist with seniors that are 65 and over, and people with disabilities or serious illness. They can serve in roles such as NOC 3012, NOC 3233, and NOC 4412. Families submit a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) application to the Canadian government and get it approved. The foreign caregiver can then apply to get a work permit from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

It is important to note however that work permits to caregivers under NOC 4411 and 4412 will only be issued under the following conditions: